Carrots are one of the vegetable in which root, rather the tap root is consumed. Carrots come in various colors such as red, orange, yellow and purple. They also come in various length and sizes ranging from half inch to 2 inches diameter. Carrots are one the most used vegetables in salads all over the world and very popular choice of food for most people who are dieting for weight loss.
Carrots have several health benefits and some of those are mentioned in this article. Before we go to the health benefits let us see some of the nutrition available in carrots.
Nutrition in Carrots
Carrots contain only 41 kcal per 100 grams in weight. They contain very less protein, but they also contain very less amount of fat. However they contain other vital nutrients such as Vitamins and Trace metals. For example, carrots have around 10 types of Vitamins from Vitamin A, variation of B to C and E. They contain various essential trace metals such as Calcium, Iron, Magnesium and Manganese.
Dietary Fiber in Carrots
Almost all vegetables and fruits are source of dietary fiber, and carrots are no exception. Carrots contain dietary fiber of around 3 grams per 100 grams which may not sound too much. Although in itself this fiber may not be too much, it compensates since many good nutrients are there in carrots.
Health Benefits of Carrots
Slows Down Aging – Carrots are full of β-carotene, which give the bright orange color to carrots. These act as anti oxidants which help in cell repair and prevent cell damage.
Improves Your Vision – Carrots contain Vitamin A which are vital for eye health. Vitamin A is converted to to rhodopsin, a purple pigment necessary for night vision. So if your night vision is going down start consuming more carrots. Macular degeneration is another eye disease which can be prevented by Carrots because of Beta Carotene.
Improves Heart Health – Since carrots contain soluble fiber they reduce the LDL cholesterol levels, which are responsible for heart diseases. As mentioned above carrots also contain beta carotene and alpha carotene which are also responsible for better heart health. Some studies have shown that people consuming around 6 carrots a week are less likely to suffer from strokes.
Prevents Cancer and Regularity – Carrots contain falcarinol and falcarindiol which are kind of natural pesticides found in carrots which prevents then from fungal attacks. These two pesticides also help in preventing cancers or certain kinds such as colon, breast and lung cancers. The fiber in carrots helps in having a easy bowel movements and prevents problems such as constipation.
How to Increase the Benefit of Carrots
It has been observed that only 3% of the beta carotene can be absorbed by the body. One of the best option is to cook the carrot. Then the carrots become more digestible and the benefits increase many times more.