Type 2 Diabetes can be a silent killer. It can slowly eat you up from inside with you noticing for years. In some studies conducted by Harvard Medical School it was found that taking increase amount of fiber led to reduction in blood sugar levels. More details are mentioned below about the experiment. But before that let us try to understand what exactly is Type 2 Diabetes.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome disease which is a group of common factors which causes increase high blood pressure, diabetes and risk of stroke and heart disease. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where the sugar in the blood is not absorbed by the cells, hence the sugar remains in the blood. This diseases happens due to bad eating habits and lack of exercise in the long run for most people.
Here is some more information on understanding this condition.
When we eat any food, it is converted into sugar by the digestion process and the enzymes. When this sugar is released into the blood stream, Pancreas get activated and get a signal to release insulin into the blood stream. The role of insulin is to ensure that cells accept the blood sugar into themselves. In a way insulin contain the key to the locks in the cells which can accept the blood sugar.
Some foods like Carbs (refined bread), sugars and juices raise the the blood sugar too fast and lot of insulin is needed to clear the sugar in the blood. If you take too much Carbs all the time, body keeps on producing insulin. Gradually cells get tired of insulin knocking their receptors and stop responding to insulin. This condition is called insulin insensitivity. When this happen, sugar in the blood does not gets cleared and continues to remain high and causes Type 2 Diabetes over time. Type 2 Diabetes can gradually wreck the entire body and destroys many organs and nerves.
Case Study on Fibers and Its Effect on Type 2 Diabetes
In a case study done on more than 40,000 male medical professional in a research published in US National Library of Medicine, it was found that taking whole grain in diet consistently reduced the risk of Type 2 Diabetes. The study also recommended reducing fine grained or processed foods.
Another study done in the year 2000, research was done on 13 patients with Type 2 Diabetes. They were divided into 2 groups. First group was given moderate amount of fiber – 16 grams insoluble and 8 grams soluble fiber for a total of 24 grams. Second groups was given high amount of fiber – 25 grams of soluble and 25 grams of insoluble for a total of 50 grams. In six weeks it was observed that the group consuming higher amount of fiber had their glucose levels reduced by 13 mg / dl. Cholesterol levels reduced by 6.7% and Triglycerides reduced by more than 10%.
The most important part of this study was that all the fiber was given in natural form, which means they were not given as supplements. They were contained in the food which was given to these patients.
How Fiber Affects Blood Sugar Levels
Fibers are also a kind of Carbohydrates, but they do not get digested and do not contain calories. They also make you feel satiated and full. They reduce your cravings for more sugar and carbohydrates and indirectly force you to take less food. If you continue to take more fibers in your food you will reduce not only risk of Diabetes, but also other health risks such as high blood pressure and Cardiovascular diseases. In case you want to understand how Metamucil of Psyllium can help you fight Diabetes read the article here.